MUST BE 7-9 MINUTES AND HAVE A FULL SPEECH OUTLINE SO EVERYTHING THAT IS SAID IS WRITTEN DOWN, PLEASE FOLLOW ALL OF THE INSTRUCTIONS VERY CAREFULLY AND MEET EVERY REQUIREMENT IN THESE INSTRUCTIONS. TOPIC IS WHY COLLEGE ATHLETES SHOULD BE ABLE TO ACCEPTSPONSORSHIPS/ ENDORSEMENTS SO IT NEEDS TO BE A PERSUASIVE SPEECH ON THAT TOPIC MEETING ALL OF THE BELOW REQUIREMENTS WITH 5 DIFFERENT SOURCES. A Preparation Outline is, by definition, the entirety of your speech, word-for-word, every sentence from start to finish, and in putting together the outline, you are, indeed, preparing your speech. Format to Follow Title/Topic of Speech: Give it a good name. Introduction: Written out in paragraph form. Body: Each main point, subpoint, and sub-subpoint outlined, as shown in prior class lessons and by your textbook (p.196-205) in full, complete sentences. Transitions are provided between main points and labeled. Conclusion: Written out in paragraph form. Bibliography: Cites a minimum of five different sources in proper Modern Language Association (MLA) or American Psychological Association (APA) format. Outlines that don’t meet these requirements will receive a loss of points, so please be sure to follow the assignment carefully. I’m happy to review drafts or to work with you from scratch in order to ensure you get this done correctly, so please let me know how I may help. Other Stuff Needed Planned source citations for all sources must be included in the speech outline and a bibliography with all sources provided at the end. This outline must be typed and proofread, and will be graded for completion (complete sentences of the entirety of your speech from start to finish), adherence to proper outline format (described in your textbook), and proper bibliography of sources in APA or MLA format (the American Psychological Association or Modern Language Association, respectively). Why You Want to Do a Good Job The Preparation Outline is important for three reasons: It is, in and of itself, an assignment worth 15 points. It is proper presentation for your speech, an assignment worth 90 points. Just about any instructor will tell you that a good outline (thorough, organized, well-written, etc.) will typically more likely result in a good speech. It will help in the grading of your speech, meaning that if I don’t hear the various grading requirements in your presentation, then I will see them in your outline and will give you all of the points (if you said something but I just didn’t catch it) or some of the points (if you meant to say something but didn’t or didn’t say something sufficiently). If the speech requirements are not in your outline, then you likely will not be getting the points for them. For all of these reasons, please do a good job! Purpose in Presenting To persuade, to move to action. The purpose of the persuasive speech assignment is not only to persuade your audience to adopt a particular belief, but to act upon this belief—to take a proposed course of action. You will attempt to influence your listeners’ thought and behavior. Therefore, in your speech you’ll make a case for thinking, feeling, and/or believing something that you truly believe in and then state clearly what exactly you want listeners to physically do to further this cause and give us complete directions for how to carry out this action. The action you propose must be a logical and appropriate one for your audience to take. This is a “Call to Action” speech—one of the highest forms of persuasion. Choosing a Topic Choose a topic you believe in, something that you feel is meaningful and worth advocating. Once you have an idea for a topic, go to the Persuasive Speech Topic Choice Discussion Board to make sure that no one else has already claimed it, and then post the topic for yourself to officially claim it. Please note that you may not present on a topic that another student has already claimed. Please also note that if you choose to pick the same topic or a related topic to that of your Informative Speech topic, you may not use any of the content or sources you used in that first speech. Pick a topic you are interested in, committed to, passionate about. This will make the research, preparation, and presentational experience so much more enjoyable and rewarding! Doing Research on Your Topic Persuasion requires substantive and effective research and support. Therefore, at least five different credible sources of information are required for this speech. Because you will be attempting to persuade your audience, this means that your sources should be the most strongly credible possible. Weak sources will a weak case make, so be sure to choose only the most expert sources of information to strengthen your points. This means that general reference sources will not be accepted (e.g., Wikipedia, about.com, ehow.com, howstuffworks.com. dictionaries or encyclopedias in print or online, and so on), nor will secondary sources, including those that come in the form of general websites for quotes or for statistics (e.g., brainyquote.com. statistics.com), nor will YouTube sources typically, or anything else that is listed in your bibliography without a specific author/title of website. Please follow the guidelines given in your textbook for evaluating source credibility (Chapter 7) and reach out to me with any questions you may have. And while your own experience is interesting and valuable and, as such, should most certainly be incorporated into the speech, it cannot be considered an outside research source for the purpose of this assignment. Please note that five points will be deducted for every source missing from the five credible sources required for this assignment. Putting Your Presentation Together Persuasive speaking requires good structure: A proper introduction and conclusion to start and end well, and an organized body of main points, with transitions and signposts, as discussed in class lessons. For speech organization, you may use the topical pattern, problem-solution pattern, problem-cause-solution pattern, comparative advantages pattern, of the motivated sequence, (all of which are discussed in your textbook). All points should be clearly explained and compellingly argued. To help you to best prepare for this presentation, the Persuasive Speech Preparation Outline is required. Supporting Material To make the strongest case possible, every main point must be effectively supported, and a variety of supporting material must be used in order to best persuade audience members. Therefore, you are required to support strongly all main points. Each of your main points should be well-supported. You are also required to at least four different types of support (e.g., a statistic, specific instance, quote, paraphrase, narrative, scenario) rather than, for example, just a string of quotes solely, or a speech with only statistics. Citing Your Sources You are required to cite the sources of your support from research (all statistics, specific instances, narratives, quotes not your own, and paraphrasing of sources, as well)—and a minimum of five credible sources must be cited. Failure to do so constitutes plagiarism, however much unintentional. All five sources are required to be: Stated out loud in the speech (orally cited), as well as included in the Preparation Outline of your speech as planned citations [e.g., “According to (and then the full planned source citation)…”, “as reported in (and then the full citation,)….”], and listed in the bibliography at the end of the Preparation Outline that accompanies this speech. Visual Aids (VA) At least one visual aid is required to advocate for your cause or topic. As always, visual aid content should be well-chosen for maximum impact, and displayed and discussed effectively, as discussed in class lessons and textbook reading. Please note that the use of the whiteboard may most certainly be used in the speech, but will not count as a VA for the purposes of grading in this class (and yes, this is possible in online and recorded presentations). Call to Action A call to action is important: We know that when an audience member does something to support in some way or as a first step toward coming around to the presenter’s cause, the result is a longer, stronger form of persuasion. The action must be physical, however—so think of a body moving in some way (as opposed to “Keep an open mind” or “Remember this speech the next time you….”). For some of the topics you might pick, the call to action is right there in the wording (e.g., why you should grow garden, vote this way, etc.). In these cases, you will simply need to provide some specific guidance on how to carry out that call to action (for example, how to get started planting a garden, when the next election is and what the candidate’s name or ballot initiative name is). But with other topics, where the issue doesn’t have a call to action in the name of it (e.g., global warming, social justice) you will need to find or create your own call to action. And this is pretty easy to do. Many causes have organizations that you will see in your research, who offer ways to volunteer, learn more, sign up for something, donate, and so on. And even for those causes that don’t, a call to action might include: Learning more about the issue by going to (recommend a good website, book, documentary, or in some cases film or tv show that portrays the topic of discussion), go to (recommend a good place) to learn more or do something in relation to the cause, share what you learned in this speech via social media (recommend a good hashtag, wording, and so on). In these cases, as well, as you can see, the presenter will need to provide some guidance in how to take the call to action. You can tell people to do something, but if you don’t provide further direction or guidance for how to do so, then that call to action may be for naught. The above are just ideas for a general call to action. Many topics will spark different and better calls to action appropriate to that particular topic. Consider thoughtfully your options and be creative. A good call to action can make a world of difference! Recording and Delivering Your Presentation Please review the various ways of Recording and Uploading Your Presentations to see the choices you have. When you are ready to record, look into the camera at the audience who will be viewing, smile, and proceed to tell us about the topic you have chosen to share with us, using good eye contact, demeanor, and voice, all as discussed in past class lessons on delivery. You will, once again, be using a Speaking Outline/Speaking Notes to present your speech extemporaneously (and you may want to review Guidelines for Practicing to Achieve Conversational Delivery). You will be posting your recording to the Persuasive Speech Round Discussion Board, in order for your classmates to view, learn, and provide feedback to you, and you they. Please note that for this speech: Any visible signs of editing will result in decided point loss, and the speech must be done in one recording upload (rather two or more or) or there will be significant point penalty. I would like you to have as much as possible the full public speaking learning experience. You may redo a recording, if you must, although please note that you typically cannot “redo” a live speech—but editing of the recording (e.g., cutting things out to meet time lengths, changing or adding things forgotten in the first run, putting things on pause) is not allowed, nor will be giving the speech in pieces. For the shorter speeches you are giving, there wouldn’t be a break in a live audience situation, and the fact of the matter is that people are less likely to want to double click to hear a presentation out in the online world. I know that you see my class lessons in two or three parts, but that is simply because captioning the lessons is much easier in smaller pieces. And I have never once edited or paused a lesson; I just keep going despite the mistakes. So, let’s keep this ”real,” okay? No editing or separate recording uploads. Grading In addition to the requirements given in this assignment description and provided in class lessons, the grading criteria are provided on the Grading Rubric for the Persuasive Speech. Actions Additionally, point penalties will be given for such things as lack of credible research sources (-5 per credible source, not meeting or exceeding time limits (-1 per every 20 seconds over or under time), presenting on a topic already officially claimed by another student (-10), or inappropriate content or points made thereof or insufficient preparation. Time Frame 7 to 9 minutes — Anything after 9 minutes, and you will be losing points, and I will have to stop listening at 11 minutes (and stop grading, too). Please don’t make me do that! Learning how to get a speech within the time stipulated is a valuable skill. There are many situations where, if the presenter were to go over time, that person would be told their time was up by the event hosts or the audience might start to pack up, get up, and walk out because they have commitments elsewhere. To get your timing down, practice, practice, practice!