Sequence numbers to warp around

TCP has a 32-bit sequence number field and 16-bit advertised window field. Assume that RTT is 64 (26) ms, transmission speed is 10 Mbps (10×220bps) and each segment transmitted is 1B byte. Note that since not two identical sequence numbers can be unacknowledged in the pipe, half of the sequence numbers can be used (231).

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  1. (a) How long does it take for the sequence numbers to warp around?
  2. (b) Now, instead of sending 1B segment, let’s send a 8 B segment. How long does it take for the sequence numbers to warp around?
  3. (c) What is the drawback in using large segments?
  4. (d) What is the maximum achievable throughput?

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