“Strategic Choices, Intelligence Challenges.”

Predicting and Preventing Terrorist Attacks

U.S. and foreign intelligence organizations have averted a number of terrorist plots, including several directed at the United States. Nevertheless, it is not good enough to foil most terrorist attacks; intelligence organizations are expected to foil all of them. Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the United States has reformed its intelligence organizations to make them better able to predict terrorist activity. These reforms include the establishment of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence to coordinate intelligence activities, as well as the National Counter Terrorism Center to develop counterterrorism strategy and planning. Although reforms and new legislative actions can help provide a means to prevent terrorist attacks, the most important component to counterterrorism efforts is having accurate and timely intelligence. There are many challenges inherent to collecting data on terrorists and terrorist organizations. For instance, the extensive amount of data collected can make it difficult to distinguish useful information from irrelevant information. It is important to be aware of and consistently address challenges like this, because they can make predicting and preventing terrorist attacks very difficult.

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To prepare for this assignment:

  • Review the online article “Strategic Choices, Intelligence Challenges.” Think about challenges intelligence officials encounter.
  • Read the article “Spies and Bureaucrats: Getting Intel Right.” Consider the difficulty related to monitoring and understanding intelligence data.
  • Review the assigned pages in Chapter 8 of the text Introduction to Homeland Security. Focus on intelligence challenges as well as post-9/11 reforms that have addressed these challenges.
  • Review the articles “Homeland Security: Progress in Implementing 9/11 Commission Recommendations,” “Final Report on 9/11 Commission Recommendations,” and “Legislation Related to the Attacks of September 11, 2001.” Reflect on the extent to which post-9/11 reforms have addressed the intelligence challenges related to forecasting and preventing terrorist attacks.
  • Think about how the difficulty of gathering intelligence affects the forecasting and prevention of terrorist attacks.
  • Consider the extent to which post-9/11 reforms have addressed the intelligence challenges to forecasting and preventing terrorist attacks.

The assignment: (1–2 pages)

  • Explain why it is so difficult to forecast and prevent terrorist attacks. Be sure to include brief descriptions of some of the major challenges.
  • Explain the extent to which post-9/11 reforms have addressed the intelligence challenges to forecasting and preventing terrorist attacks. Be specific and use examples to support your explanation.

‘ve already written some of the paper. I have posted it here below.

If you could expand on it. It has to be 2 pages APA format

There is a widely used saying in both in the intelligence and law enforcement community
that terrorists only have to be right one time to be succesful but the intelligence community have
to be right every single time prevent an attack. There is no doubt that 9/11 was an intelligence failure which had monumental implications for both the intelligence, law enforcement, and military community. The release of the report of the joint congressional inquiry into the September 11 terrorist attacks and the 9/11 Commission Report provide extensive information on what American intelligence agencies did and did not know about al Qaeda (Manheken T 2005). Even though numerous threats were assessed and analyzed by various intelligence agencies none of them could directly foreshadow the 9/11 attacks.
The failure to warn of the September 11 attacks can be traced back to deeper problems with how the intelligence community collected and analyzed information. The challenge of the intelligence community was mistakingly not connenting the dots on the perpatrators of the 9/11 attacks that were on the radar. But many in of the reports in the 9/11 report mention presidents
daily interlligenc briefings and the sheer volume of intelligence reports that were coming in that could not definitively identify the 9/11 attack. Since the inception of the National Directorate of National Intelligence that was created to oversee and manage national intelligence centers and on specific areas of interest in US government national intelligence programs.

Preventing terrorist attacks has been at the forefront of national security policies. Keeping America safe has been the number one goal of intelligence agencies. Terrorists have become aware of the many tactics and clandestine activities of many US foreign intelligence agencies. ISIS is one example of a organization that has been able to adapt to the new technology that
US Intelligence Agencies are capable of utilizing. When ISIS took photos of captures journalists in Syria they were able hide their location by filming in areas with very little scenery in the background. ISIS recruiters also used computer sofware to encrypt messages embedded in emails and online chat rooms that could only be read by the recipient with the same software.

3 hours ago

It has to APA format. If you could incorporate what you have with what I have sent.

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