Bernard Lo’s 7 step decision making process:

Bernard Lo’s 7 step decision making process:Here are the 7 Steps: You can either do this in essay form, or by numbering each step -Make sure you address all the steps in your decision making. Bernard Lo’s 7 step decision making process:  The Seven-Step Decision Model I. Determine the facts by asking the following questions. What do we need to know? Who is involved in the situation? Where does the ethical situation take place? When does it occur? II. Define the precise ethical issue. For example, is it a matter of fairness, justice, morality, or individual rights? III. Identify the major principles, rules, and values. For example, is this a matter of integrity, quality, respect for others, or profit? IV. Specify the alternatives. List the major alternative courses of action, including those that represent some form of compromise. This may be a choice between simply doing or not doing something. V. Compare values and alternatives. Determine if there is one principle or value, or a combination of principles and values, that is so compelling that the proper alternative is clear. VI. Assess the consequences. Identify short-term, long-term, positive, and negative consequences for the major alternatives. The short-term gain or loss is often overridden when long-term consequences are considered. This step often reveals an unanticipated result of major importance. ************ VII. Make a decision. The consequences are balanced against one’s primary principles or values. Always double-check your decision. The seven-step decision model forces us to closely examine the facts before we make an ethical decision. This model is helpful when making a decision that has many sub- decision questions to examine; for example, “Who should the physician treat first?,” “Should I look at the exam paper of the person sitting next to me?,” or even “What career choice should I make?” Obviously, some of these decisions require a quick response while others, such as selection of a career choice, require more time and research. This model can be used to examine all of the end-of-chapter cases in this textbook. Previous Next

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